Lafayettecityseat of Lafayette parish, south-central LouisianaU. The area was first settled by exiled Acadians from Nova Scotia in The earliest village, Vermilionville, was established in but was renamed for the French general the marquis de Lafayette in Until World War II the economy was dependent upon intensive sugarcane, cotton, and corn maize cultivation.
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After the war the city became a supply centre for much of the booming oil and gas industry of southern Louisiana. Heymann Oil Centerheadquarters for many companies, has its own post office and shopping facilities. The city also remains a major distribution centre for cotton, sugar, lumber, and livestock.
Before the oil boom Lafayette was primarily a Cajun town, and the older culture is evident in the prevalence of French and the local Cajun dialect. A growing population attracted to the local oil industry has created a more cosmopolitan community.
Although many of the older customs have disappeared, the Live Oak Society works to preserve native southern live oak trees, and the Camellia Show and Mardi Gras are still celebrated.
Nearby is Acadian Village, a restored community of authentic Acadian homes, museums, and other buildings dating from the early s. Additional Info. Contributors Article History.
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Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, Lafayette, Louisiana. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Louisianaconstituent state of the United States of America. It is delineated from its neighbours—Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and Texas to the west—by both natural and man-made boundaries. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the south.
The total area of Louisiana includes about 4, square miles…. Baton Rougecity, capital of Louisiana, U. Baton Rouge is a port situated at the head of deepwater on the Mississippi River, in the southeast-central part of the state. AcadiaNorth American Atlantic seaboard possessions of France in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The first organized French settlement in Acadia was founded in…. History at your fingertips.
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